Remote-controlled construction machines are increasingly being used in both the construction and mining sectors, and these require reliable communication via mobile communications. Especially in this sector, which has a high number of industrial accidents, a functioning and fast network is of utmost importance. The use of 5G offers new possibilities in the creation of safety concepts based on continuous real-time localization of all people and machines on the construction site or in the mine. In this way, workplace accidents can significantly be reduced and machines operated more reliably.
As part of the 5G NAMICO research project, 5G is also to be used in the construction and mining sectors of the future. Based on the findings from previous projects such as the 5G-Industry Campus Europe, a 5G network is now to be installed on a reference construction site and in an underground mine to harness the benefits of the technology. One challenge here is the adverse and changing environments: dust, vibration and humidity bring demands on a dynamic 5G network, which must withstand harsh operational conditions. 5G technology, which was developed for use in industrial environments and open areas, must therefore be developed further. The use of 5G in construction and mining has the potential to automate processes and reduce the workload of personnel. A prerequisite for this is the development of enhanced safety concepts that protect people in partially and fully automated processes, while at the same time achieving progress in digital transformation.